Archaeological Excavation

What is an Archaeological Excavation?

Archaeological Excavation known as Mitigation may be required where significant remains likely to be impacted by development are known or suspected.


What does it involve?

Excavation often follows trial-trenching and/or geophysical survey and may take two forms: Strip Map and Record or Full Excavation.

Strip Map and Record involves archaeologically controlled machine excavation down to the significant archaeological horizon, which is then recorded prior to detailed investigation of a specified sample of features, such as ditches, pits or structures. Some features, such as burials, will generally be fully excavated.

Full Excavation is likely to be required where remains are thought to be of such significance that only a programme of detailed, comprehensive excavation and recording of buried deposits and features (contexts) will ensure against any loss of archaeological information due to development.

In this way, a detailed record of the site, its surroundings and the daily lives of its occupants will emerge that is sufficiently robust and scholarly to support future research.

What Happens Next?

We will produce an appropriately detailed report summarising the results of the excavation which will then be provided to the client and Archaeological Officer to discharge the relevant archaeological planning condition.

In some cases, following the Excavation phase, the Archaeological Officer may require a further programme of work such as a Watching Brief.

Some of our Archaeological Excavation Team

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